Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names,is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used primarily for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive component of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,including at least 65 other cannabinoids. Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.
Cannabis has mental and physical effects. It causes a “high”, or stoned feeling and other effects, including a general change in thought and perception, difficulty concentrating, impaired short-term memory, altered sense of time, impaired body movement, relaxation, and an increase in appetite, otherwise known as “munchies”. Onset of effects is felt within minutes when smoked, and about 30 to 60 minutes when cooked and eaten.The effects last for two to six hours, depending on the amount used.At high doses, mental effects sometimes include psychosis, delusions, hallucinations,paranoia, and ideas of reference, sometimes with anxiety and panic. Its physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral problems in children whose mothers used cannabis during pregnancy. Short-term side effects may include a dry mouth, red eyes, and feelings of paranoia or anxiety.Long-term adverse effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability in those who started regular use as adolescents, chronic coughing, and susceptibility to respiratory infections. There is a strong relation between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis, though the cause and effect is debated.
Weed is mostly used recreationally or as a medicinal drug, although it may also be used for spiritual purposes. In 2013, between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis (2.7% to 4.9% of the global population between the ages of 15 and 65).It is the most commonly used illegal drug both in the world and the United States,though it is also legal in some jurisdictions. The countries with the highest use among adults as of 2018 are Zambia, the United States, Canada, and Nigeria.In 2016, 51% of people in the United States had used cannabis in their lifetimes.About 12% had used it in the past year, and 7.3% had used it in the past month.
While while marijuana plants have been grown since at least the 3rd millennium BCE,evidence suggests that it was being smoked for psychoactive effects at least 2,500 years ago in the Pamir Mountains.Since the early 20th century, cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions. The possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in most countries of the world.In 2013, Uruguay became the first country to legalize recreational use of cannabis.Other countries to do so are Canada, Georgia, and South Africa, along with 11 states and the District of Columbia in the United States (though the drug remains federally illegal). Medical use of cannabis, requiring the approval of a physician, has been legalized in a greater number of countries.